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Vic Biorseth, Monday, July
From the Old Testament, we know that our God is the God of Noah, the God of Jonah, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and the God of Moses. He revealed His name to Moses to be "I Am", written down in Hebrew as YHWH, leaving out the vowels lest any man accidentally pronounce it out loud, forbidden in Old Testament times.
In the Christian New Testament, He is most often referred to as our Heavenly Father, or, our Father Who is in Heaven. He is the personage of God Who is distant from us, who most frequently speaks to us through Angel messengers, or through the Holy Spirit, His Third Person, Who remains active in the world. He Revealed His final Truth to us, in its fullness, through His only begotten Son, Who is God's Word, and His Second Person: Jesus Christ.
It was He, God the Father, who spoke to Zechariah in the Holy of Holies, through the Angel Gabriel (Luke 1:11-20).
It was He, God the Father, Who spoke to Mary, the virgin mother of our Lord, through the Angel Gabriel (Luke 1:26-38). And it was He Who spoke to Joseph, again through an Angel (Matt 1:20-22). And again, He sent an Angel to Joseph, to have him take the Child off to Egypt (Matt 2:13). And again, when Herod had died, He sent His Angel to Joseph to instruct him to return to Israel (Matt 2:19).
Jesus - God Personified - instructed His disciples to fast and pray more privately than publicly, as recorded in Matt 6, because prayer and fasting was for the Lord, not for public display or reward, and, "Your Father, who sees in secret, will reward you" and He will hear your prayer.
So God in Heaven is our Father. Protestants, having broken away from the true faith, make make much of Matt 23:9 - "And call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, who is in heaven." because Catholic Priests continue to hold the title "Father", as they have from the beginning. But our Lord was speaking of Heavenly things, not earthly. God is our Spiritual Father; we still have an actual worldly father, and we are not forbidden to call our father "Father". Count the times, after this verse, that Scripture refers to mere earthly men as Father, or Fathers, if you can.
Paul sets the tone for Priests being spiritual fathers, in 1 Cor 4:15 "For though you have countless guides in Christ, you do not have many fathers. For I became your father in Christ Jesus through the gospel."
And again in 2 Phil 22 "But Timothy's worth you know, how as a son with a father he has served with me in the gospel."
And again in Phlm 1:10 "I appeal to you for my child, Ones'imus, whose father I have become in my imprisonment."
When a Priest teaches spiritual things he deserves the respect of a father. At two times - when he consecrates the Eucharist, and when he grants absolution for sins - he stands In Persona Christi - in the person of Christ. If anyone is worthy of the Title Father, it is Jesus, who is One with the Father.
When the Apostles asked Jesus to teach them to pray, the beginning of the prayer Jesus taught them was this, "Pray then like this: Our Father who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. ..." --Matt 6:9.
John makes it quite clear, in his first letter, chapter 3, that we are to make of ourselves "children of God", and embrace him as our Father in Heaven.
The book of Revelation is still quite mysterious to me, but I am no great Scripture scholar. It is God the Father who sits upon the throne; but, it says also that the Lamb - Jesus - is in the center of the throne. In my relatively uneducated mind, that might mean that the Father and the Son are combined on the throne, and fully one in being. Yet, still spoken of in Revelation separately.
But there is no mistaking that the throne of God, with the Father upon it, will be the center of the new reality.
Blessed be the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit, forever.
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The purpose of this grouping of articles is to describe the Christian Trinitarian God: Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
The Trinity Pages
These pages describe the true nature of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, as described in Scripture and continuous teaching of the Church. Jehovah's Witnesses, Mormons and those Protestant sects who deny the Divinity of Jesus are not going to like this.
The Athanasian Creed: Setting the Record Straight on the Blessed Trinity. The adoption of the Athanasian Creed settled the matter, in an explanation of the trinity of the persons of God and the twofold nature of the one divine Person of Jesus Christ.
God The Father: On the First Person of the Holy Trinity, and His Title: Father. The God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob is our Father, the One and Only Lord of All That Is.
God The Son: Consubstantial with the Father, wholly man and wholly God. Scripture is clear and repetitive about it: Jesus was both God, and Son of God; both man, and God, at the same time.
God The Holy Spirit: The Third Person of the Holy Trinity, guiding His Church. The Holy Spirit is God active in the world, doing the will of the Father, fulfilling the promises of the Son.
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